What's "normal": female genital mutilation, psychology, and body image

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Karen E. Adams
Publisher: 
JAMWA: Journal of the American Medical Women's Association
Publication Date: 
2004
Publication Place: 
Alexandria, VA

Focuses on the psychological effects of female genital mutilation (FGM) through the example of a patient who had undergone the procedure in childhood and now felt that her closed appearance was "normal" and that to be opened would be "abnormal." Argues that Western advocates must educate themselves about the various cultural forces that lead to FGM in order to help women who have undergone the procedure heal psychologically, thereby breaking the pattern of abuse from generation to generation.

ISBN/ISSN: 
ISSN 00988421 (print)
ISSN 15518221 (online)