Neurotoxic exposures and effects: gender and sex matter!

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Online
Paper
Author: 
Donna Mergler
Edition: 
Volume 33, Issue 4, August 2012, Pages 644–651
Publisher: 
NeuroToxicology (Elsevier)
Publication Date: 
2012

Discusses how environmental and occupational neurotoxicology research continues to confuse the terms sex (biological attributes) and gender (socially constructed roles and behavior) and to use these words interchangeably. Notes studies that examine both males and females, providing evidence for sex differences in toxicokinetics and responses to neurotoxic assault as well as gender differences in exposure patterns, biomarkers of exposure, neurobehavioral performance and social consequences. Argues that integrating sex and gender considerations into research in neurotoxicology would not only provide us with a better understanding of the mechanisms and pathways that lead to toxic assault, but also provide a means to improve preventive intervention strategies.