Search Resources (English): Female genital mutilation

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Female genital mutilation and health care: current situation and legal status. Recommendations to improve the health care of af  
http://www.cwhn.ca/sites/default/files/resources/fgm/index.html

Describes the current status of this cultural practice that occurs around the world, its legal status in Canada as well as in most Western countries, and provides recommendations to improve the health care of affected women.

 (See Details)
Published: 2000
Changing a harmful social convention: female genital mutilation/cutting

Examines the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and its social dynamics. Provides an explanation as to why the practice persists and of the elements necessary for its abandonment.

Published: 2005
What's "normal": female genital mutilation, psychology, and body image

Focuses on the psychological effects of female genital mutilation (FGM) through the example of a patient who had undergone the procedure in childhood and now felt that her closed appearance was "normal" and that to be opened would be "abnormal." Argues that Western advocates must educate themselves about the various cultural forces that lead to FGM in order to help women who have undergone the procedure heal psychologically, thereby breaking the pattern of abuse from generation to generation.

Published: 2004
Female genital mutilation

Presents the International Confederation of Midwives' position statement regarding female genital mutilation. PDF required to read.

Published: 1999
Female genital cutting: breaking the silence, enabling change  
www.icrw.org/docs/FGCfinalpdf.pdf

Examines the occurence of female genital cutting (FGC), common rationales for its practice, and its prevalence. Explores efforts to eliminate the practice within the context of an emerging human rights framework. Provides a synopsis of three strategies in Egypt, The Gambia, and Senegal to end FGC, their methods and results. Makes recommendations on how practitioners, donors, and policy makers can best enable communities to abandon the practice of female genital cutting.

 (See Details)
Published: 2000
Female genital mutilation  
www.who.int/inf-fs/en/fact241.html

Defines female genital mutilation (FGM). Describes the possible health consequences of FGM, who performs FGM, at what age and for what reasons, and the prevalance and distribution of FGM. Presents current WHO acitivities related to FGM.

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Published: 2000
Prisoners of ritual: an odyssey into female genital circumcision in Africa
Presents ethnographic research focused on the enigma of female genital mutilation.
Published: 1989
A systematic review of the health complications of female genital mutilation including sequelae in childbirth  
http://www.who.int/gender/other_health/systreviewFGM.pdf
Provides a comprehensive listing of all possible health complications brought on by female gentical mutilation (FGM), and includes annotated references for each. (See Details)
Published: 2000
Caring for women with circumcision: a technical manual for health care providers
Addresses the issue of female genital mutilation (FGM). Serves as a clinical guide for health practitioners on how to manage physical complications of FGM including issues of perinatal and obstetric care.
Published: 1999
Female genital mutilation: information for educators and service providers to support the student and her family
Provides information on female genital mutilation for health service providers and educators. Discusses at what age FGM occurs, who practices FGM, health problems students who have undergone FGM might face, and things to be aware of (for example: cultural sensitivity and privacy issues). The booklet also describes some of the problems educators and service providers might encounter in providing support to students dealing with FGM and concludes with guiding principles for dealing with FGM.
Published: 1993