Search Resources (English): Injection drug users

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Methadone maintenance treatment  
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/pubs/adp-apd/methadone-treatment-traitement/index-eng.php

Discusses how methadone maintenance treatments work for opiod dependence, as well as the benefits and effectiveness.

 (See Details)
Published: 2002
Best practices: methadone maintenance treatment

Provides information on evidence-based best practices in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), and the key components of comprehensive MMT programs.

Published: 2002
The provision of HIV-related services to people who inject drugs: a discussion of ethical issues  
http://www.aidslaw.ca/publications/interfaces/downloadFile.php?ref=91

Focuses on ethical issues faced by health care and service providers who work with injection drug users who have or are at risk for HIV. Examines four scenarios commonly encountered by health care workers who work with injection drug users to investigate potential difficulties and solutions. Concludes by making several recommendations including tolerating drug use on health sites, providing prisoners with sterile injection equipment, and providing injection equipment to minors. All recommendations and solutions are made assuming that users should be treated with respect, dignity, and as autonomous beings.

 (See Details)
Published: 2002
Sex differences in injecting practices and hepatitis C: a systematic review of the literature  
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/04vol30/dr3014ea.html
Assesses the influence of gender on drug users' injection initiation, sharing behaviour, and cleaning/disinfecting behaviour. Argues for the development of gender-sensitive education and prevention programs. (See Details)
Published: 2004
Mediums to reach injection drug using populations: a discussion paper  
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/hepatitis_c/pdf/careDiscMediums.pdf
Presents a synthesis of information on mediums to reach the injection drug using (IDU) population compiled from the published literature, as well as from discussions with national/international organizations working with this population. Indicates that the focus of most research in this area has been on assessing the effectiveness of prevention and harm reduction initiatives in changing risky behaviours, particularly in relation to HIV and not the more easily blood-to-blood transmissible hepatitis C virus (HCV). Identifies the challenge of reaching a target population, the exact number and location on the social margins of which is difficult to establish reliably. Explains briefly the various strategies employed -- professional outreach, peer outreach (demonstratedly effective) and mass media communication -- and their success in reaching segments of the IDU population. Examines these 'ways and means' of reaching those most at risk of contracting the hepatitis C virus, the people who inject or who are at risk of injecting drugs. Emphasises the mediums to access these populations and not the effectiveness of strategies in changing risky behaviour. Also available in French under the title: Moyens de joindre les utilisateurs de drogues injectables : document de travail. (See Details)
Published: 2000
Women who use injection drugs: the social context of risk  
http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/reprint/159/4/355.pdf
Examines problems and issues specific to women who are injection drug users. Urges physicans to educate themselves about the dynamics of injection drug use in women, particularly the importance of familial and social contexts and associated psychological factors to better achieve primary care outcomes. Includes references. (See Details)
Published: 1998