Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation: an overview

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Author: 
N. Toubia
S. Izett
Publisher: 
World Health Organization (WHO)
Publication Date: 
1998

Provides a state-of-the-art review of what is currently known about the practice of female genital mutilation, its prevalence, its short- and long-term consequences for physical and mental health, and the social factors that encourage its perpetuation.

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FGM.F46 1998
ISBN 9241561912

Female genital mutilation: pre and post natal care of the patient

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Author: 
Women's Health in Women's Hands
Publisher: 
Women's Health in Women's Hands
Publication Date: 
1994
Publication Place: 
Toronto, ON

Provides practical recommendations for treating patients subjected to female genital mutilation. Discusses definitions, physical appearance, discussing FGM with the patient, special considerations for prenatal care, performing an episiotomy, post-partum needs, advances in treatment of FGM, and prevention of FGM in the daughters of mothers who have been subjected to FGM.

ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM.W66 1994

Female genital cutting: breaking the silence, enabling change

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Julia M. Masterson
Julie Hanson Swanson
Publisher: 
International Center for Research on Women; Centre for Development and Population Activities
Publication Date: 
2000
Publication Place: 
Washington, DC

Examines the occurence of female genital cutting (FGC), common rationales for its practice, and its prevalence. Explores efforts to eliminate the practice within the context of an emerging human rights framework. Provides a synopsis of three strategies in Egypt, The Gambia, and Senegal to end FGC, their methods and results. Makes recommendations on how practitioners, donors, and policy makers can best enable communities to abandon the practice of female genital cutting.

ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM.M37 2000

Female genital mutilation: a review of current literature

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Ian Ferguson
Pamela Ellis
Publisher: 
Government of Canada, Department of Justice
Publication Date: 
1995
Publication Place: 
Ottawa, ON

Examines issues surrounding female genital mutilation with particular refernce to positions held by international organizations such as the UN and the WHO, as well as those advanced by feminist, medical, governmental and non-governmental organizations throughout the world. Presents relevant concepts and definitions to eliminate misconceptions surrounding FGM. The majority of the research reviewed adopts the predominantly Western perspective that FGM is a violation of human rights, and the literature stresses the numerous short and long-term physical and psychological consequences that result from the procedure. In the literature, the practice of FGM is examined in the context of (1) male domination over women and children, (2) religious misinterpretation (primarily of the Qu'ran, and (3) a lack of medical justification for the procedure.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM.F47 1995

Female genital mutilation: report on consultations held in Ottawa and Montreal

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Lula J. Hussein
The Horn of Africa Resource and Research Group
Marian A.A. Shermarke
Publisher: 
Department of Justice Canada
Publication Date: 
1995
Publication Place: 
Ottawa

Describes the consultations that were undertaken in Ottawa and Montreal with members of communities in which FGM is a traditional practice. The purpose of the consultations was to discuss the most appropriate way in which to educate members of the community on the following issues surrounding FGM: the application of Canadian laws, health risks, and cultural/religious issues. The individuals from Montreal came from 14 ethnic communities while at the Ottawa consultations, the focus was on the Somali community. This paper also provides a list of recommendations from the consultations.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM.H87 1995

The process of changed meanings: a study of the Canadian experience of Somali women in the Kitchener-Waterloo area in regard to

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Author: 
A. La Ferne Clarke
Publisher: 
Wilfrid Laurier University
Publication Date: 
1995
Publication Place: 
Waterloo, ON

Presents a thesis that tracks the process of changed meanings using the narrative research method. Through the fictitous story of a Somali woman named Mary who immigrates to the Kitchener-Waterloo area, this paper acts as a guide to other women in the process of transition. The story deals with the issues she has to face in her transition, with Female circumcision the central issue. It deals specifically with the change in thought process that women go through as they move from a country that supports female circumcision to a country that calls this practice female genital mutilation. This story was create through a composite of individual experiences of women who have had to confront FGM.

ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM .C55 1995

Female genital mutilation: workshop manual

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Author: 
National Organization of Immigrant and Visible Minority Women of Canada (NOIVMWC)
Publisher: 
National Organization of Immigrant and Visible Minority Women of Canada (NOIVMWC) and Health Canada, Women's Health Bureau
Publication Date: 
1999
Publication Place: 
Ottawa, ON

Provides a guide for facilitators to help participants look at various aspects of the practice of female genital mutilation. This manual is for facilitators who are working with ethnocultural communities which have traditionally practised female genital mutilation. It discusses misconceptions and fallacies about FGM along with the corresponding realities, and the negative health and legal consequences of FGM. The workshop is designed to help participants think about ways to prevent FGM, find the self confidence they need to face the social pressure to continue FGM prevalent among certain communities, and to prepare to educate others in their communities about the need to eradicate female genital mutilation. This manual also includes a section at the end of the unit on health aimed specifically at health care workers. This section is designed to help facilitators present a workshop that will meet the needs of those with the responsibility of helping women who have had FGM performed on them.

ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM.N38 1999

Female genital mutilation: information for educators and service providers to support the student and her family

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Author: 
Norma Clarke
Linda Cornwell
Florence Gibson
Vuyiswa Keyi
Hawa Mohamed
Sonia Telfer
Publisher: 
Women's Health in Women's Hands
Publication Date: 
1993
Publication Place: 
Toronto, ON

Provides information on female genital mutilation for health service providers and educators. Discusses at what age FGM occurs, who practices FGM, health problems students who have undergone FGM might face, and things to be aware of (for example: cultural sensitivity and privacy issues). The booklet also describes some of the problems educators and service providers might encounter in providing support to students dealing with FGM and concludes with guiding principles for dealing with FGM.

ISBN/ISSN: 
FGM.C53 1993

Female genital mutilation and health care: current situation and legal status. Recommendations to improve the health care of af

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Online
Paper
Author: 
Federal Interdepartmental Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation
Patricia Huston
Publisher: 
Women's Health Bureau, Health Canada
Publication Date: 
2000
Publication Place: 
Ottawa, ON

Describes the current status of this cultural practice that occurs around the world, its legal status in Canada as well as in most Western countries, and provides recommendations to improve the health care of affected women.

Female genital mutilation

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Online
Author: 
World Health Organization (WHO)
Publisher: 
World Health Organization (WHO)
Publication Date: 
2000
Publication Place: 
Amsterdam

Defines female genital mutilation (FGM). Describes the possible health consequences of FGM, who performs FGM, at what age and for what reasons, and the prevalance and distribution of FGM. Presents current WHO acitivities related to FGM.

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