Maternal mortality

Maternal mortality

Working with individuals, families and communities to improve maternal and newborn health

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Resource Language: 
English
Translated Title: 
Collaborer avec des individus, les familles et les communautés pour améliorer la santé maternelle et néonatale
Media Type: 
Online
Publisher: 
World Health Organization Department of Making Pregnancy Safer
Publication Date: 
2010
Publication Place: 
Geveva, Switzerland

Aims to establish a common vision and approach, as well as to identify the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) Making Pregnancy Safer initiative. Discusses working with women, men, families and communities to improve maternal and newborn health.

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Notes: 
Also available in Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish. Visit the website to download those documents. Includes bibliographical references. WHO reference number: WHO/MPS/09.04

Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2008

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Resource Language: 
English
Translated Title: 
Tendances de la mortalité maternelle sur la période 1990-2008
Media Type: 
Online
Publisher: 
World Health Organization, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank
Publication Date: 
2010
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

Reports that the number of women dying due to complications during pregnancy and childbirth decreased by 34% from an estimated 546 000 in 1990 to 358 000 in 2008. The authors says the progress is notable, but that the annual rate of decline is less than half of what is needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of reducing the maternal mortality ratio by 75% between 1990 and 2015. This will require an annual decline of 5.5%. The 34% decline since 1990 translates into an average annual decline of just 2.3%.

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Available online.
ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN: 978 92 4 150026 5
Notes: 
Includes bibliographical references.

Reducing maternal mortality: the contribution of the right to the highest attainable standard of health

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Resource Language: 
English
Author: 
Judith Bueno de Mesquita
Paul Hunt
Publisher: 
United Nations Population Fund
Publication Date: 
2010
Publication Place: 
New York, NY

From the introduction:

“Over half a million women die each year due to complications during pregnancy and birth. The vast majority of these deaths are preventable. At the Millennium Summit in 2000, States resolved to reduce maternal mortality by three quarters by the year 2015. This commitment is encapsulated in the Millennium Development Goals, which derive from the Millennium Summit commitments, and which have come to play a defining role in international development efforts. Goal 5 is a commitment to improve maternal health: the reduction of maternal mortality is an outcome chosen to assess progress in this regard. This resolve by States to reduce maternal mortality is not new. However, never before has the issue been given such prominence on the international development agenda.”

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Available online.

The world health report 2005: make every mother and child count

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
2005
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

States that reducing maternal and child death tolls depends largely on every mother and every child having the right to access to health care from pregnancy through childbirth, the neonatal period and childhood.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241562900

Beyond the numbers: reviewing maternal deaths and complications to make pregnancy safer

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
2004
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

Presents strategies and approaches to review not only the levels of maternal mortality, but also to examine why it happens and what can be done to prevent them from happening.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241591838
Notes: 
Includes bibliographical references.

Special report on maternal mortality and severe morbidity in Canada: enhanced surveillance: the path to prevention

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
I. D. Rusen
Robert Liston
Publisher: 
Health Canda, Public Health Agency, Maternal and Infant Health Section
Publication Date: 
2004
Publication Place: 
Ottawa, ON

Identifies shortcomings in national, provincial and territorial continuous quality improvement efforts to reduce maternal mortality in comparison with benchmark international peers.

ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 0662370643
PREG.S64 2004
Notes: 
Includes bibliographical references.

Maternal mortality in 2000: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA

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English
Media Type: 
Online
Author: 
Carla AbouZahr
Tessa Wardlaw
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
2003
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

Summarizes the complexity involved in measuring maternal mortality and the reasons why such measurement is subject to uncertainty, particularly when it comes to monitoring progress. Analyzes and interprets the results, pointing out some of the pitfalls that may be encountered in attempting to use the estimates to draw conclusions about trends. Also presents a summary of the kind of information needed to build a fuller understanding of both the levels and trends in maternal mortality and the interventions needed to achieve sustained reductions in the coming few years.

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Report on maternal mortality on the occasion of World Health Day, April 7, 1998, devoted to the theme of Safe Motherhood

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System
Publisher: 
Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Perinatal Surveillance Systen
Publication Date: 
1998
Publication Place: 
Ottawa, ON

Examines temporal trends in, and the current state of, Canadian infant mortality. Explores differences within various Canadian subpopulations and compares Canadian rates to those of other countries belonging to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Birth rights: new approaches to safe motherhood

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Judy Mirsky
Publisher: 
Panos London
Publication Date: 
2001
Publication Place: 
London, UK

Outlines the causes of high maternal mortality rates in areas of the world and suggests political and socioeconomic causes.

Available From: 
ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 1870670566
PREG.B57 2001
Notes: 
<p>Includes bibliographical references. --- Review, Network Spring/Summer 2002: At least 525,000 women still die every year from complications relating to pregnancy, and most of these are in the developing world. This report outlines the reasons why women are suffering, and puts them firmly on the human rights agenda. It shows that effective strategies do exist to secure women’s well-being, often within existing resources. It also stresses the importance of informed public, professional and political voices in creating that change.</p>

Maternal mortality and morbidity: strategies for change: 1996 evaluation meeting in South Asia

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Author: 
Ammu Joseph
Publisher: 
Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights
Publication Date: 
1996
Publication Place: 
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Documents the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity: Strategies for Change meeting that took place in Bangalore, India on May 13-16, 1996, whose purpose was to establish the effectiveness of initiatives by the Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR) in addressing the problems of maternal mortality and morbidity in Southeast Asia.

ISBN/ISSN: 
PREG.M38 1996
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