Research Findings

New! Girls, Women & Alcohol Focus Groups: CWHN Report on Phase One

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What do young women think about drinking? Read about this in our new report on our work on young women and alcohol consumption. Our preliminary findings are based on focus groups with young women (18-24) held in Toronto, Ontario to discuss their understanding and realities related to alcohol and drinking, and the best ways to communicate the health impacts of drinking.

The CWHN Girls, Women and Alcohol Focus Groups report was prepared with financial support from the Liquour Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) in March 2014 as part of ongoing work related to young women and drinking. Read the focus group report.

To learn more about this ongoing research, please visit our Women and Alcohol page.

Family planning and HIV: New evidence, future directions

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This new supplement to the journal AIDS brings to the forefront the latest advances in research, programs and policy on family planning-HIV integration. It offers original research, cutting-edge reviews and opinion pieces on topics such as:

·         Biomedical and basic science research on the relationship between reproductive health and HIV transmission and disease,

·         Behavioral research examining contraceptive practices and fertility choices among women and couples affected by HIV,

·         Implementation science evaluating innovations in integrated delivery of services, and

·         Evidence-based recommendations for policy and programming.

The supplement was guest-edited by Rose Wilcher, MPH, and Ward Cates, MD, MPH, from FHI 360, and Jared Baeten, MD, PhD, from the University of Washington. It was produced with support from the US Agency for International Development through the Preventive Technologies Agreement with FHI 360.

To access the supplement’s table of contents, click here.

#GENERATIONFLUX: Understanding the seismic shifts that are shaking Canada's youth

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This new report from Community Foundations of Canada identifies trends across the country in the issues facing today's youth.

While the report lacks a gender lens on many topics, it does compare girls and boys with respect to health issues such as depression and suicide. For example:

  • 70-79% of Canadian boys aged 13–15 are inactive, and so are 80-89% of girls the same age.
  • A recent CAMH study of Ontario students also found that “the rate of students reporting psychological distress has risen to 43%, up from 36% in the 1999 survey. Girls seem to be particularly at risk. 43% of girls in grades 7–12 reported distress, up from 36% in 1999 and significantly above the 24% of boys who reported these feelings.
  • In a national longitudinal study, the same trend was identified with 11–15 year old girls reporting higher levels of emotional problems and lower levels of emotional well-being and life satisfaction than boys.
  • Children and youth of low-income families are especially at risk. So too are girls and young people in certain aboriginal communities. In Ontario, girls report both contemplating (14%) and attempting suicide (4%) at twice the rate as the boys surveyed.
  • 11- to 15-year-old boys who report being in a school with a positive (high) school climate also report levels of emotional well-being that are twice as high as those boys who report being in a school with a negative (low) school climate. The results are even more dramatic for girls in which the differences are almost three times higher.

For a 'quick' fact sheet on the findings, go to the fact sheet.

New research: The Canada Social Transfer and the Social Determinants of Health

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This paper investigates the adequacy of government provision and accountability in delivering social services through an in-depth exploration of income security funding at the national, provincial, and local level in Canada.

Read the report by Ashley Lacombe Duncan and Jenna van Draanen, published by the Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW) (PDF - 508K, 45 pages):
The Canada Social Transfer and the Social Determinants of Health

Sexual and reproductive health and rights crucial for world development

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The High-Level Task Force for the International Conference on Population and Development  is urging governments and the international community to take much bolder action to meet and build on commitments they made at the International Conference on Population Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994. As the 20-year review of progress toward ICPD goals gets underway, the Task Force recently released its position paper, entitled, “Policy Recommendations for ICPD Beyond 2014: Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All.

Read more on their website: Policy Recommendations for ICPD Beyond 2014: Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All.

Read more about it on Reality Check.

New report - The Gap in the Gender Gap: Violence Against Women in Canada

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This new study by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives finds that progress on ending violence against women in Canada is stalled by the absence of a coherent national policy and consistent information about the levels of that violence.

The study estimates the combined cost of adult sexual assault and intimate partner violence in Canada, and also makes several recommendations on how to improve the situation.

The Gap in the Gender Gap: Violence Against Women in Canada (Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives)

Are statins less effective in women?

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A recent editorial in Future Medicine questions the use of statins in women compared with men, considering that women with similar cholesterol levels as men, tend, on average, to develop heart disease much later than men.

Read Gender disparity in statin response: Are statins less effective in women?

Find more about women and statins in Evidence for Caution: Women and Statin Use by Harriet Rosenberg and Danielle Allard and produced by CWHN’s partner Women and Health Protection.

New report on metastatic breast cancer in Canada

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The Canadian Breast Cancer Network in partnership with Rethink Breast Cancer has produced a new report, Metastatic Breast Cancer in Canada: The lived experience of patients and caregivers.

This report highlights the realities and challenges affecting Canadian women living with metastatic breast cancer as identified by women who completed their 2012 national survey.

This report shares the often unrecognized experiences of metastatic breast cancer patients and caregivers by highlighting the impact on their quality of life, access to treatment, support services and new therapies, as well as financial constraints that can accompany this disease.

Read the report online.

New! Breast cancer screening for women with disabilities and Deaf women in Canada

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DisAbled Women’s Network of Canada and the Canadian Breast Cancer Network have recently jointly released Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening.

This new report reveals important findings on accessibility of health care services for women with disabilities and Deaf women.

Find the report at DAWN-RAFH Canada

New study: 1 in 6 fractures in women caused by domestic violence

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A new study from McMaster University has found that one in six women who come into fracture clinics have been abused by their partners in the last year, and at least one in 50 are there as a direct result of a domestic violence incident.

The study, published in The Lancet, examines a variety of injuries caused by partner abuse.

See more about it on CBC: 1 in 6 women at fracture clinics have been abused, study shows.

Read the study in The Lancet: Prevalence of abuse and intimate partner violence surgical evaluation (PRAISE) in orthopaedic fracture clinics: a multinational prevalence study.

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